On a cold November morning in 2012, agents of the U.S. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) paid a surprise visit to ‘Castle Cheese Inc’ – a cheese factory based out in rural Pennsylvania. The company that was till then known for selling 100 percent real parmesan to some of the most renowned grocery chains was found to use substitutes and fillers such as wood pulp in their product. What followed next was an untold story of fraud and deceit about a company that had been known for manufacturing and distributing safe, healthy and honest product for almost a century.
In the words of Winston Churchill “Responsibility is the Price of Greatness”
Firms and businesses have a similar responsibility, as well as commitment towards the social and economic development of their stakeholders, community and the society at large. In fact, the practice of CSR or Corporate Social Responsibility as a business model has evolved from being a slogan that was considered trendy by some firms to the current era where it has become more of a business requirement rather than just an option.
The Life Sciences or Pharmaceutical industry has been struggling to deal with the challenges related to drug counterfeiting and ineffective supply chain management. Apart from this, it is also combating the high cost of bringing new drugs to the market, along with new standards. As a result, preventing theft, counterfeiting and forgery, while minimizing cost and improving compliance has become the utmost priority for pharmaceutical and biotech companies. To remain competitive, businesses require adopting a game-changing technology that can resolve most, if not all the current issues associated with compliance and traceability.
Although Bitcoin got introduced in the market in the year 2011, it was 2015 when it reached the popularity and identification. It was the same year when the underlying technology- Blockchain caught the attention of the experts and the revolution of exploiting its potential started. Before this, Blockchain got recognised as just another data structure supporting an emerging trend, but in reality, it encapsulated great technology and promises of a tech-driven future.
Till now most of the people across different verticals know what blockchain is and how it is one of the most innovative technologies that has the potential to disrupt various industries. Blockchains are immutable, and forge-proof making them the best platform for data related transactions. Blockchain also happens to be a platform that prevents a diverse range of frauds including identity theft, financial forgery, data thefts and more. While collecting all the necessary information about Blockchain and its functions, most of us misunderstand the mechanism behind such a tamper-proof nature of this incredible technology. The secret of Blockchain security and tamper proof nature is ‘Cryptography’.
Cryptocurrencies, just like the fiat currency, are needed to be stored and secured. And just like the physical wallets, the cryptocurrencies also are kept in the wallets and generally, referred as Crypto wallets. In Crypto wallets, it is not the real coins that are stored inside, rather digital codes or two types of keys i.e. Private and Public key. Public key is visible to everyone and is used by others to send money. On the contrary, private key is used only by the owner of the wallet to perform send transactions. Losing the Private Key can result in loss of the currencies, since you lose whole control over your wallet and this is the reason it is recommended that at least two different techniques should be used for saving and storing of the private keys.
The world is finally moving to the next level of revolution in IT & Internet. The Blockchain is tout to be ‘the internet 3.0.’ It is based on the distributed ledger technology, though the real potential of this technology was realized only when the Blockchain came into existence. And when, still many people are in the process of understanding use cases of the Blockchain Technology beyond Bitcoin, a new technology is making news, hyped as the ‘future of distributed ledger,’ the Hashgraph.
Where ever there is a mention of Blockchain on the internet, you will always find reference to Smart Contracts too. The word Smart Contract originated in 1997, when Nick Szabo, used it to describe physical objects that change their behavior based on data. Today, in Blockchain, we used this word in a different sense. It is used to describe a computation that happens on the Blockchain which is influenced/triggered by external events/information such as the weather.
Blockchain is a closed network utilized for secure transfer of value. There are public chains which allow anyone to become a part of the network and there are private chains which allow only certain authorized individuals or institutions to become a member. However, there will always be a world outside this network which might need to be contacted. Hence the question, “How Blockchains communicate with outside world?”
The Ethereum Naming Service (ENS) is a new network that resembles Domain Name Service (DNS) in the allocation of naming rights. But it differs in a lot of ways.