Social media giant Facebook recently had to bear the brunt of regulators for mishandling user data. According to report shared by New York Times, Facebook had shared sensitive user data with more than 60 device makers, including Apple and Samsung thereby staking confidential data of millions of users. While the internet giant has blatantly refuted all the allegations levelled against it and has constantly tried to justify its stand, the fact remains that its user data has been spread or hacked way beyond boundaries that are no longer within the control of the company. This and constant drumbeat of similar other high-profile instances have pushed the tipping point when people have started believing that the internet they have been relying on is actually broken.
In the words of Winston Churchill “Responsibility is the Price of Greatness”
Firms and businesses have a similar responsibility, as well as commitment towards the social and economic development of their stakeholders, community and the society at large. In fact, the practice of CSR or Corporate Social Responsibility as a business model has evolved from being a slogan that was considered trendy by some firms to the current era where it has become more of a business requirement rather than just an option.
Although Bitcoin got introduced in the market in the year 2011, it was 2015 when it reached the popularity and identification. It was the same year when the underlying technology- Blockchain caught the attention of the experts and the revolution of exploiting its potential started. Before this, Blockchain got recognised as just another data structure supporting an emerging trend, but in reality, it encapsulated great technology and promises of a tech-driven future.
Blockchain is a revolutionary technology that can be leveraged in many sectors to inculcate the trust and transparency, and increase efficiency in the processes. It is a decentralized ledger that helps form a trustless network among the different participants, thereby bringing failure-resistant capability. It is currently the most widely discussed technology among different industries, all trying to harness its potential.
The world is finally moving to the next level of revolution in IT & Internet. The Blockchain is tout to be ‘the internet 3.0.’ It is based on the distributed ledger technology, though the real potential of this technology was realized only when the Blockchain came into existence. And when, still many people are in the process of understanding use cases of the Blockchain Technology beyond Bitcoin, a new technology is making news, hyped as the ‘future of distributed ledger,’ the Hashgraph.
Where ever there is a mention of Blockchain on the internet, you will always find reference to Smart Contracts too. The word Smart Contract originated in 1997, when Nick Szabo, used it to describe physical objects that change their behavior based on data. Today, in Blockchain, we used this word in a different sense. It is used to describe a computation that happens on the Blockchain which is influenced/triggered by external events/information such as the weather.
The Blockchain technology was launched through the paper titled Bitcoin, by, Satoshi Nakamoto, in 2008, as an amalgamation of public key cryptography, cryptographic hash functions, and proof-of-work consensus protocol. Technically, Blockchain is a digital ledger of records that are gathered in clumps of data called blocks and these blocks are connected with other blocks, eventually forming a chain - a Blockchain.
What is a Carbon Credit?
Carbon credit is a certificate that allows the holder or any energy company to emit one ton of carbon dioxide. It levies a cost on carbon emissions by creating the value of the credit for every 1 ton of hydrocarbon fuel. And the organizations or the groups that act to reduce the carbon emissions, get the credit granted.
Blockchain, the technology which made the secure exchange of Bitcoins possible is disrupting many industries. It aims to digitalize processes and create a digital identity of physical objects on the Blockchain, so these can be tracked as well as traced back to the source of their origin.
Blockchain is a closed network utilized for secure transfer of value. There are public chains which allow anyone to become a part of the network and there are private chains which allow only certain authorized individuals or institutions to become a member. However, there will always be a world outside this network which might need to be contacted. Hence the question, “How Blockchains communicate with outside world?”