Experts suggest if Blockchain technology was used to manage transactions and accounts, frauds like Vijay Mallya and Nirav Modi could have been prevented or detected at an early stage and the money recovered partially, if not entirely. In the recent years, many exponential financial frauds surfaced in public and private sectors banks. As reported by the Reserve Bank of India, answering an RTI, state-run banks have said as many as 8,670 “loan fraud” cases totalling Rs 61,260 crore over the last five financial years up to March 31, 2017.
Although Bitcoin got introduced in the market in the year 2011, it was 2015 when it reached the popularity and identification. It was the same year when the underlying technology- Blockchain caught the attention of the experts and the revolution of exploiting its potential started. Before this, Blockchain got recognised as just another data structure supporting an emerging trend, but in reality, it encapsulated great technology and promises of a tech-driven future.
Till now most of the people across different verticals know what blockchain is and how it is one of the most innovative technologies that has the potential to disrupt various industries. Blockchains are immutable, and forge-proof making them the best platform for data related transactions. Blockchain also happens to be a platform that prevents a diverse range of frauds including identity theft, financial forgery, data thefts and more. While collecting all the necessary information about Blockchain and its functions, most of us misunderstand the mechanism behind such a tamper-proof nature of this incredible technology. The secret of Blockchain security and tamper proof nature is ‘Cryptography’.
Be it news channels, social media or newspapers, currently all sources to reach masses are filled with news of how Nirav Modi duped the Punjab National Bank and Indian Economy. It is all about how the country’s second largest public-sector bank or lender was tricked into issuing loans worth ₹11,400 Crore to #57 ranked Forbes Indian billionaire diamantaire.
Where ever there is a mention of Blockchain on the internet, you will always find reference to Smart Contracts too. The word Smart Contract originated in 1997, when Nick Szabo, used it to describe physical objects that change their behavior based on data. Today, in Blockchain, we used this word in a different sense. It is used to describe a computation that happens on the Blockchain which is influenced/triggered by external events/information such as the weather.