Where ever there is a mention of Blockchain on the internet, you will always find reference to Smart Contracts too. The word Smart Contract originated in 1997, when Nick Szabo, used it to describe physical objects that change their behavior based on data. Today, in Blockchain, we used this word in a different sense. It is used to describe a computation that happens on the Blockchain which is influenced/triggered by external events/information such as the weather.
What is a Carbon Credit?
Carbon credit is a certificate that allows the holder or any energy company to emit one ton of carbon dioxide. It levies a cost on carbon emissions by creating the value of the credit for every 1 ton of hydrocarbon fuel. And the organizations or the groups that act to reduce the carbon emissions, get the credit granted.
Today’s connected world has created new challenges for Healthcare Industry. It is under immense pressure to provide ‘on-demand services.’ Why would a customer visit a hospitals/diagnostic center for getting reports when he can receive it online through website or email? The concern here is not that the hospitals and diagnostic centers don’t have enough money to provide these facilities to the customer, but the storage and sharing of Electronic Health Records.
Blockchain Technology has found a powerful use case in the Land Registration Process because of the security features it offers. The unalterable and non-hackable properties of a Blockchain are enticing Governments around the globe to implement Blockchain solutions in the Land Registry Process.
In legal terms, a contract is an agreement between two parties in which they agree to abide by certain terms & condition and specific procedures, that would hold true under certain situation/cases.
Anyone in the world can download the data and read the data. Anyone can participate in the consensus process to write the data or block into the public Blockchain. There are numerous public blockchains. Bitcoin which is a peer to peer currency exchange was the first public Blockchain followed by Ethereum which allows anyone to build smart contracts and decentralized apps on it. Some other examples are Dash and Lisk.